Posted by: jockmackenzie | May 15, 2009

“Poetry and Song” – ENTRY 5 – Figures of Speech

THIS ENTRY IS MADE UP OF THREE PORTIONS FROM THE CHAPTER ON “FIGURES OF SPEECH.” I LOVE FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE AND ENJOY ENCOURAGING STUDENTS TO CREATE WORD PICTURES – BUT I ALSO BELIEVE THEY HAVE TO WALK BEFORE THEY CAN RUN. I THINK IT’S IMPORTANT THAT THEY CAN IDENTIFY FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE AND NAME THE FIGURE OF SPEECH BEING USED. LATER I EMPHASIZE ADDING FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE TO THEIR WRITING.

CHAPTER FIVE – Figures of Speech

Definition: A “figure” of “speech” creates figures using speech. An author can create a special effect or an image through the unordinary use of words.

If an author’s words are successful, the reader will create or paint a picture in his mind of the scene that the author describes.

A number of methods can be used to bring words to life. The most common figures of speech can be remembered using the acronym S.H.A.M.P.O. You may be able to “clean up your writing” with a little SHAMPO.

AT THIS POINT, AN EXPLANATION OF SIMILE, HYPERBOLE, ALLITERATION, METAPHOR, PERSONIFICATION, ONOMATOPOEIA IS GIVEN.

Personification (per son i fi keɪ′ shen) – giving life to a non-living (inanimate) thing.

E.g. The trees in fall put on their coats or red and gold.

The trees are spoken of as if they had the human quality of being able to put on a coat.

The words sprang out at them.

The table collected junk.

Blood crawled over the tops of his fingers. (Out of the Shadows by Sigmund Brouwer, p. 295)

The train shudders to a stop and exhales.(Water For Elephants by Sara Gruen, 1st page of Chapter 3).


AFTER BEING INTRODUCED TO THE SIX FIGURES OF SPEECH, STUDENTS ARE SHOWN A METHOD TO REMEMBER WHAT EACH TERM MEANS.

How to Remember the Figures of Speech

By looking at the words, you should know that a figure is a shape, a form, a symbol, an image. Speech is the spoken word, something that is spoken, stated, remarked. With this in mind, a “figure of speech” creates shapes, forms, symbols, or images using words, statements, or remarks. The trick is to look at the words to find a way to remember what the words mean.

Figures of speech paint word pictures or create images by using words. The image might be something you see, hear, feel, taste or smell in your mind’s eye or your internal television set or movie camera.

AT THIS POINT, THE EXPLANATION FOR EACH OF THE SIX TERMS IS GIVEN.

Personification – within the word “personification” are two words: “person” and “if.” If a non-living thing is brought to life, it acts as if it were a person.

(per son i fi keɪ′ shen) – giving life to a non-living (inanimate) thing.


Responses

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